1. The “four seals” that distinguish the [Buddhist]
view are as follows: all composed phenomena are
impermanent, all contaminated things are miserable,
all phenomena are selfless, and nirvana is peace.
2. Buddhist meditation serves as an antidote to all
cyclic existence within the three realms.
3. Buddhist behavior is free from the two extremes,
having abandoned both the extreme of
overindulgence of desire, which is a case of being
desirous and wanting good and great quantities of
food and clothing, and the extreme of being too
tired and worn out in body and mind.
4. The fruits are the true cessations, which are
abandonments such that the obstruction that is
removed does not arise again [and which comes
about] through analyzing individually the
nonexistence of the referent object of the
conception of self.
These four [view, meditation, behavior, and fruit] are the distinguishing features of Buddhist doctrine.